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Международное предпринимательство - Ерохин В.Л.

Ерохин В.Л. Международное предпринимательство — М.: Финансы и статистика, 2008. — 392 c.
ISBN 978-5-279-03329-4
Скачать (прямая ссылка): mejdunarodnoepridprinimatelstvo2008.doc
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of the open market economy, the consequences of such changes of tariff
system will not be sensitive for the Russian economy.
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It is possible to make a conclusion, that in ten years' prospect the
factor of the WTO accession will not render the influence on the basic
proportions of the Russian economy. Irrespective of the accession
scripts, export volume of the industrial products will have some
tendency to decreasing. And the least significant this decreasing will be
in the case of non-accession (on 3,4 %), and most significant - in the
case of accession on the conditions of the base tariff offer (3,6 %).
Such tendency is quite natural and it is the consequence of the
economic stabilization and economic growth, that is expressed in the
activization of the internal demand and expansion of the domestic
market volume. Thus the importance of export as the compensating
factor of the demand decreasing on the domestic market in the
conditions of recession, will be reduced.
The basic results according to the probable consequences of the
Russian accession to WTO can be formulated as follows:
1) the factors which can result in occurrence of the significant and
obvious negative consequences for the general trend of the
economic development are not revealed;
2) the WTO accession will not itself result in the occurrence of the
significant economic advantages, which can be expressed in the
quantitative form;
3) the basic tendencies and the rates of development of the Russian
economy as a whole and the separate branches and sectors both
in case of accession and non-accession to WTO will be
determined by the same factors, which are not directly connected
to the fact WTO accession;
4) the WTO accession will promote the occurrence of the structural,
political and other qualitative factors and changes, which can
favour to the creation of the conditions for increase of the
Russian enterprises competitiveness;
5) the obligations within the framework of WTO legal system do
not require the radical change of the legislation and regulation
system in Russia;
6) the WTO accession will not require the refusal of development
of the regional cooperation within the framework of CIS.
However, as a result of WTO accession the CIS countries will
receive the additional stimulus to the development of cooperation
with non-CIS countries. The legal forms of the regional cooperation
will become more precise and determined. In many ways it will
336


relieve the cooperation within the framework of CIS of the political
elements and will require a concrete definition of its economic
components. It will result in rationalization of the regional
cooperation within the framework of CIS; 7) the foreign trade
partners will not receive the significant advantages in comparison
with the Russian enterprises. The policy concerning the Russian
enterprises and regulation policy on the domestic market will not
be more discriminative, than concerning the activity in the global
market. This policy will follow the general non-discriminative
principles incorporated in the WTO basis.
14.3 Russian accession into WTO and development of
the Russian agriculture
The integral part of the WTO negotiations on the markets access is
the negotiations on the agricultural problems. Besides tariff aspect, they
include also consideration of the Russian policy of the concerning state
support of agrarian sector and export subsidizing.
The agricultural negotiation are conducted from the end of 1998,
when the initial offers on the Russian obligations in agriculture were
submitted. The given document authorized by the Commission of the
Government of the Russian Federation on WTO problems fixed the
levels of internal support of agricultural producers (so-called Aggregated
Measure of Support) both subsidizing of the agricultural products export
and foodstuffs in format established by WTO.
It is necessary to note, that AMS includes the measures that have
the major influence on trade and manufacture (subsidies for animal
and plant production, indemnification of the part of expenses on
materials purchasing, preferential crediting, price support, privilege
for transportation).
The official declared Russian position submitted in WTO Secretary
in March, 2001, was based on the basic period on the level of internal
support of agriculture in 1991-1993, and under the export subsidies -
on the period 1990-1992. The given position provided:
- AMS - $16,2 bin. (the general average parameter of AMS, that
have to be "binded"), with reduction during 6 years up to $12,9
bin;
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- export subsidies - average size of export subsidizing that have to
be "binded" at a rate of $726 mln., with reduction during 6 years
up to $464,7 mln.
There are three-scripts at the WTO access negotiations concerning
the Russian agricultural market:
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